By: A. H. Sheriff
EFFECT ON THE CHILDREN
It is no secret that the songs music and films depend upon sex-appeal for their success. The more sexy a song the more its sale; the more suggestive a music, the more its market value. And also it is no secret that building the character of the children begins from their very tender age. If they are exposed to obscene songs, sexy music and suggestive dances in their childhood, their entire outlook on the matters of sex morality and marriage-sanctity will become jaundiced. They will lose the capacity to distinguish between moral and immoral modesty and immodesty chastity and promiscuity.Some people think that the children do not understand these things! Such people are wrong.
Thus, by listening to the songs and seeing the dance on television, we ruin the moral uprightness of our children. If we believe that the children are given to us by Allah as a trust and that we are responsible to give them such a training that they become good Muslims and virtuous servants of Allah, then we must abstain from songs and music; and must keep them safe from the evil influence of these sinful habits. You will find this subject adequately explained in the Appendix.
THE QUR'AN ON MUSIC
After briefly explaining the evil effects of Music and dance, now time has come to give here some of the ayats of the Qur'an and some of the traditions of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) and Imams (a.s.) on this subject. Here are four Ayats of the Qur'an which forbid the Muslims from indulging into music.
"So abstain from the pollution of the idols and abstain from false vain words."
The Arabic word "Zoor" has several meanings which include falsehood and the musical expressions. According to Imam Jafer Sadique (a.s.) "pollution of the idols" means Chess; and "Vain words" means music.
See how 'Music' has been joined in this Ayat with the pollution of idols"; only then you can appreciate the seriousness of the sin of the Music.
"And of the people there is he who buys a 'vain talk' so that he may lead others astray from the path of Allah without (real) knowledge and takes it (the revelation of Allah) for a mockery; for these shall be a disgracing chastisement (punishment)."
'Lahw' means any thing which diverts the mind from serious thinking. "Vain talk" has been interpreted by the Imam as some talk sound or thing which diverts the attention of man from the ultimate aim of his creation; in other words makes him forget Allah and His commands. For example, fictions romantic stories, and such useless talks. "It includes 'Music', intoxicants and all such diversions." (Tafseer As-Safi)
Imam Muhammad Baquir (a.s.) said: Music is among the things for which Allah has promised the Fire (of Hell). Then he recited the above Ayat. (Kafi; Wasael us Shia; Tafseer As-Safi)
"Indeed successful are the believers those who in their prayer are humble and those who keep themselves aloof from Vain (words and deeds)."
'Laghw' (Vain words and actions): The first Imam Ali (a.s.) said that "all that is void of the remembrance of Allah is 'Laghv'. According to other authentic traditions of Imams, 'Laghv' means all useless entertainment, wasteful of times among which music has been specifically mentioned. Also included in this term are vain games played just to while away the time.
"And the servants of the Merciful Allah are those...................... who bear not witness to what is false, and when they pass by what is vain they pass with dignity".
The words 'Zoor' and 'Laghv' have been explained earlier. According to the traditions of Imams (a.s.), the first part may also be translated in this way: "who do not witness what is vain"! and accordingly, it has been interpreted in the exegesis of the Qur'an as "do not listen to music." The following two traditions explain the second part: Imam Jafer Sadique (a.s.) asked some of his companions: "Where are you staying?" They replied: "With so and so, who has singing and dancing girls. Imam said: "You should have dignity." They thought that Imam (a.s.) had advised them to treat that man generously. But they were not sure; so they returned to the Imam and requested him to explain his meaning to them. Imam said: "have not you heard Allah saying `when they pass by what is vain they pass with dignity' ? Imam meant that you should not stay with a man who has singing and dancing girls.
Second tradition: Muhammad bin Abi Ibad was known to indulge in music and liquor. He once asked Imam Ali Ar-Ridha (a.s.) about listening to music. Imam said: Some people in Hijaz have their own view about it; but that view is absolutely wrong. Have you not heard the word of Allah 'when they pass by what is vain they pass in dignity'?" I think this much should be enough for a follower of, Muhammad (s.a.w.) and Ahul ul Bait (a.s.).
SOME TRADITIONS ON MUSIC
After Ayats of the Qur'an, I mention here some of the traditions of the Holy Prophet of Islam (s.a.w.) and Imams (a.s.) about musical sound, musical instruments, and musical parties.
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) said: "When my Ummat (followers) will acquire fifteen habits they will be visited by disasters:
1) When the booty will be treated as personal property;
2) and trust will become like a booty of war;
3) and charity will be (disliked) like a loss;
4&5) and man will obey his wife and disobey his mother;
6&7) and will be generous to his friend and tyrant to his father;
8) and voices will be high in the mosques;
9) and a man will be respected as a safeguard against his evil;
10) and the leader of the people will be the worst of them;
11) and men will wear silk;
12) and people will keep singing and dancing girls;
13) and will keep musical instruments;
14) and will drink intoxicants;
15) and fornication will increase;
at that time expect red storms or depression of land-mass or changing your faces like the image of animals and the victory of your enemy upon you; and then you will not be helped (by Allah)."
The Holy Prophet of Islam describing the signs of the Day of Judgment said: "Verily amongst the signs of the Hour is that people will neglect prayers (will not pray in the preferred time)! and will follow their desires, and will incline towards their own preferences..................... In those days, there will be people who will learn the Qur'an for other than Allah (i.e.; for earning worldly benefits), and will treat the Qur'an as musical instrument (as is happening today in Islamic countries where Qur'an is recited on the radios just to entertain the listeners); and there will be people who will study religion for other than Allah (for earning prestige or wealth as is happening today when the main purpose of study of religion is to be come a good orator, so that higher and higher fees may be demanded from the audience), and number of illegitimate children will increase, and people will sing the Qur'an,.......... and will adore musical instruments, and will dislike enjoining the good and forbidding the evil,.............These are the people who will be called unclean and dirty in the kingdom of heaven."
Imam Jaffer Sadique (a.s.) said: "Music is the nest of hypocrisy." Also he said: "Music is the worst of the sounds." and "The place where music is performed, Allah does not look at its participants (with mercy). Also the Imam (a.s.) said: "Listening to music and vain (sounds) grows hypocrisy as the water grows the plants.
Hassan (a companion of Imam Jafer Sadique a.s.) said: There was a man in my neighbourhood who had singing girls; and he always remained immersed in music and dance. When I went to W.C., I used to stay a bit longer (to listen to those sounds). When I want to Imam Jafer Sadique (a.s.), he told me: O Hasan, Verily the ear, and the eye and the heart, all of them will he asked.The ear and what it listened to, the eye and what it looked at and the heart and what it intended." Hasan says: When I heard that Ayat of the Qur'an, it was as though I had never heard it before. Then I repented (from my sin of listening to music) and made a convent with Allah not to do it again. The Imam (a.s.) said: "Stand up have bath and pray to Allah as much as you wish. How bad would have been your position if you had died with this habit. Repent before Allah and ask His forgiveness for every evil because Allah does not dislike but evil, leaves evil for evil people; because for every thing are its people."
In a list of major sins which he sent to Caliph Mamun Rashid, Imam Ali Ar-Ridha (a.s.) mentioned the participation in the musical gatherings.
MUSIC AS PER THE COMPANIONS OF THE HOLY PROPHET (S.A.W.)
Caliph Omar heard the sound of a flute of a sheperd and he hastily plugged his ears with his finger and turned his mouth to a different path saying : "The Prophet (s.a.w) heard the sound of a shepherd once when I was with him. He did not like it."
Abu Aamah reported on the authority of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) that Holy Prophet (s.a.w) prohibited trade in singing slave maids and training them for singing and said that their sale proceeds were unlawful.
On the authority of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w) Hazarat Ayesha narrates that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said that Almighty Allah has made unlawful the trade in singing slave maids, their training and listening to their songs.
Abdur Rahman bin Auf narrates that the Holy Prophet said that Almighty Allah has forbidden two nonsensical and wicked voices, one is melody and the other is the cry in distress.
Akramah reports the words of Ibne Abbas that the Prophet (s.a.w.) said that Almighty Allah has raised me to destroy flute and the drum.
Sahl Bin Saad narrates that Holy Prophet (s.a.w) said, "Submersion below the surface of the earth, raining of stones from the sky and mutilation of figures shall come about in my ummat." The companions asked, "O the Prophet of Allah when shall it happen.?" The Prophet (s.a.w) there upon said:" When musical instruments shall be in abundance and there shall be a large number of the singing girls and shall be unlawful."
Abu Talib Tibri says that Imam Malik condemned music and forbid listening to it and said :"If you buy a slave maid and afterwards you find her to be singing girl, it shall be lawful for the buyer to restore her to the seller."
Imam Safii said that music was an abhorant sport. It was just like a filty thing and the one who listening to excessive music was a fool. His evidence shall be rejected.
Abu Tayyab says : Shafii declared music as abhorrent. Tradition on abhorence of music has also come down from Ahmad Bin Hambal.
Abu Tayyeb Tibri says that Imam Abu Hanifa considered music as abhorrent and held singing as sin. The same is the view of all the scholars of Kufa like Ibrahim, Shahabi, Hammad, Soufian Thousi and other. There is no difference even among the scholars of Basarah in respect of its being abhorrent and forbidden.
This was the reaction of the companions towards the ordinary music of past times. How forceful would have been their condemnation of music, musical bands and dance of today.
MUSIC IN THE LIGHT OF TRADITION
Holy Prophet (s.a.w) said, "I forbid you to dance and to play the flute, the drum and the tambourines." He also said," Molten lead will be put in the ears of that person who listens attentively to music and songs."
Imam Ali Reza (a.s) said," And to listen attentively to the musical instrument (is also a greater sin )....." manufacturing, buying or selling musical instrument is forbidden, and the profits accured from such dealings are illegal and the transaction is also null and void. Even safe keeping of musical instrument is forbidden and to destroy them is obligatory."
Imam Jafar Sadique (a.s) said," Allah has prohibited the manufacturing of such things which are used for harmful purpose. And the things which only create harm. Thus the manufacturing of harp, flute, chess, musical instruments cross of crucification, idols is forbidden."
Imam Mohammed Baqir (a.s) said : Singing is one of those sins for which Allah has reserved the punishment of Hell.
The place where songs and music are played, Allah's warth descends, as the following traditions says:-
Imam Ali (a.s) said," And music and songs give rise to hypocrisy, and is one of the ways leading towards poverty and hunger.
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) said," Molten lead will be put in the ears of that person who listens attentively to music and songs.
Imam Jafar Sadqiue (a.s) said," Thus to teach singing and music to learn to play it or to receive payment for it and to indulge in any kind of musical pastime is forbidden."
Imam Jafar Sadqiue (a.s) said," Don't enter a house in which Allah's Blessings And bounties are turned away from the habitants of the house, at such a place neither the Supplications are responded nor the Angels come near such place."
Imam Jafar Sadqiue (a.s) said," One who has been bestowed with favours of Allah; while in possession of such favours plays flute, he has been unthankful to the favours of Allah."
MUSIC AND THE LAST EPOCH
Masoomeen (a.s) said," And you will see that music will become so common that no one will forbid others. Nor will anyone find himself the courage to forbid anyone." The words masoomeen is a proved fact as we do experience the situation in our day to day lives.
SINGING AND ADULTERY
Singing becomes the cause of Adultery as the below mentioned tradition states:-
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w) said," Singing is a ladder to Adultery."
Singing gives rise to the lust in man which ultimately gives out bad consequences. Not only he who sings but also the one who listens attentively to it becomes negligent towards Allah and is ready for immoral deeds.
Imam Jafar Sadqiue (a.s) said," All those past times and amusement are major sins, which makes a person negligent in remembering Allah. Example people indulging in singing, music and musical gadgets."
Yes, indeed its a fact that music not only makes shame and modesty disappear, but also destroys love, brotherhood and generousness. In short, it makes the whole environment a specimen of Hell.
EFFECTS OF MUSIC
Imam Jafar Sadqiue (a.s) said, "One who plays music in the house for forty days, will be beset by a satan named Fogander. Allah will cause that satan to occupy each and every part of that persons body. When this would happen then shame would depart from him and he would not care what he is saying, nor what is being said about him. Then the Satan would blow unto him and after that his modesty would be completely destroyed. Then he would not feel ashamed, even if the chastity of his women is being defiled."
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w) said," the playing of violen cause hypocrisy to grow in the heart, in the same way as water becomes the cause of the growth of greenery."
Imam Ali (a.s) said," Angels do not enter the house which has wine, drum, tambourine or a flute. Even the innovations of the people of that house are not accepted, and the fortunate blessings from them are taken away."
Imam Ali Reza (a.s) said," That person in whose house is kept for forty days a drum' flute or any other musical instrument chess or similar things that person invokes the warth of Allah and if that person dies during those forty days his death shall be of a transgressor and a libertine. His abode shall be Hell and what a terrible abode it is."
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w) said," A person who sings will be put in the group of those people on whom Allah will not look with grace, on the Day of Judgement."
Dance halls are modern nurseries of the Divorce Courts, training shops of prostitution, and the graduating school of infamy and vice. "Dr. l. l. Holling worth.)
I attack the modern dance as a reversion towards savagery. As a medical man, I flatly charge that modern social dancing is fundamentally sinful and evil. I charge that it is the most insidious of the manoeuvres preliminary to sex betrayal. It is nothing more or less than damnable diabolical animal physical, dissipation. Do brother and sister dance like that? Father & mother ? Mother & son? I tell you the basic spell of the dance is the spell of illicit physical contact..... We doctors know trial of broken homes prove this." (Dr. E.S. Sonners)