By: Sadeq Nurizadeh
Ayatullah Jafar Subhani was born in Iranian city of Tabriz in 1922. After completing his primary education, he joined a theological school where he studied Arabic literature, Fiqh (jurisprudence), and Usool (principles) until 1946.
Then he migrated to the holy city of Qom, Iran, to study in the Islamic Seminary there. In Qom he attended the classes of Fiqh, Usool, Tafseer (Qur’anic commentary) and philosophy.
Ayatullah Subhani learned under eminent scholars such as Grand Ayatullah Borojurdi, Grand Ayatullah Khomeini, and Sayid Muhammad Tabataba'i for about fifteen years.
He began a magazine, ‘Maktab-e-Islam’ in collaboration with some well-known scholars of the Islamic seminary. The magazine is still being published. ‘Kalaam-e-Islami’ is another magazine on theology published and directed by him.
His written works include Al-Shifaa, Al-Shia, Al-Shia al-Imamiyah, Dor al-Shia, Al-Beda`h, Masai`l al-Fiqhiyah, Al-Ziyarah, Al-Ebadah.
Ayatullah Subhani is also famous for his expertise in history and theological studies besides Jurisprudence and its Principles. He also established a great institute for theological research.