Islamic Knowledge
Code: 393   |  View : 1942   |  Comments : 0 RSS comment feed   |   Print   |   Email  

Al-Biruni, a True Scholar

04 August, 2007 13:07
Al-Biruni, a True Scholar

Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Abul-Rayhan

Al-Biruni (973-1050AD), from Haran.

His production exceeds 146 titles in more than 20 different disciplines, ranging from astronomy to mathematics, mathematical geography, chronology, mechanics, pharmacology, mineralogy, history, literature, religion, and philosophy.

But the bulk of his work lies in mathematics and related disciplines (96 titles). Only 22 works have survived the ravages of time; and only 13 of these have been published.

His work Chronology (Al-Athar) combines literary and historical sources of medieval sects and nations with the astronomical lore about their calendars, feasts, and astronomical parameters used in their rituals. His (Tahdid, the demarcation of the coordinates of cities) was written so as to determine the Qibla. Biruni also determined the local meridian and the coordinates of any locality.

His al-Qanun Al-Mas'udi is a most extensive astronomical encyclopaedia, slightly short of 1,500 pages. In it he determines the motion of the solar apogee, corrects Ptolemy's findings, and is able to state for the first time that the motion is not identical to that of precession, but comes very close to it. In this book, too, Biruni employs mathematical techniques unknown to his predecessors that involve analysis of instantaneous motion and acceleration, described in terminology that can best be understood if we assume that he had "mathematical functions" in mind.

Six hundred years before Galileo, Al-Biruni discussed the theory of the earth rotating about is own axis. Using the astrolabe and the presence of a mountain near a sea or flat plain, he calculated the earth circumference by solving a highly complex geodesic equation.

With the aid of mathematics, he also enabled the direction of the Qibla to be determined from anywhere in the world. Max Meyerhof observed earlier this century that most of al-Biruni's mathematical works and many other writings have not been published yet.

References:

1 Max Meyerhof: Science and Medicine, in Sir Thomas Arnold and A. Guillaume edition: The Legacy of Islam, first edition; Oxford University Press; 1931; pp 311-55, at p. 332.

Category : Muslim Thinkers & Scholars  |   Rate : Article Rating|  
Al-Biruni, a True Scholar
Post Rating
Comments
There are currently no comments, be the first to post one.
Post Comment

Name (required)

Email (required)

Website

CAPTCHA image
Enter the code shown above:

Knowledge Search
Knowledge Categories
Our Products
Islamic World News
Muslim population of the UK could triple to 13m following 'record' influx Muslim population of the UK could triple to 13m fo...

The Muslim population of the UK is set to triple in 30 years, according to projections from the Pew Research Centre. Under the model which assumes median migration levels, the number of Muslims i...

Read more
UK: 'Hello, I am Muslim' UK: 'Hello, I am Muslim'

International event aims to encourage mutual understanding between Muslims and non-Muslims.

Read more
Christian, Jewish and Muslim leaders in Vienna affirm social cohesion and peaceful coexistence Christian, Jewish and Muslim leaders in Vienna aff...

Unity among religious leaders is growing and it is a powerful message of hope in the Arab region, Christian, Jewish and Muslim leaders have heard at a Vienna conference on peaceful coexistence an...

Read more
Second Executive Council Meeting of The World Federation (Shia Khoja) Second Executive Council Meeting of The World Fede...

The World Federation’s Second Executive Council Meeting of the term 2017-2020 started on Friday 23 February 2018 with an opening and welcome ceremony followed by an evening of&nbs...

Read more
Visit My Mosque day; A report Visit My Mosque day; A report

The Muslim Association of Britain (MAB) is pleased to report that the 4th consecutive Visit My Mosque day on Sunday was once again, a resounding success. With over 200 mosques across the UK open...

Read more
Pause
© Copyright 2003 Islamic Research and Information Center( I R I C ) All Rights Reserved
Please send your comments and suggestions to info@iric.org
Graphic Design : nahaki.ir | Potral : Arianaltd.com