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Quran and Hadith on Ramazan

06 July, 2014 15:21
Quran and Hadith on Ramazan

Ramazan and Fasting in Quran

O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious) (Q 2:183)

a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey [during them] - then an equal number of days [are to be made up]. And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] - a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers excess - it is better for him. But to fast is best for you, if you only knew. (Q 2:184)


Ramadan is the month in which the Quran was revealed. Guidance for humanity, and clear portents of guidance, and the Criterion. Whoever of you witnesses the month, shall fast it. But whoever is sick, or on a journey, then a number of other days. God desires ease for you, and does not desire hardship for you, that you may complete the nuber, and celebrate God for having guided you, so that you may be thankful. (Q2:185)

"Verily! We have sent it (this Quran) down in the night of Al-Qadr.
And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr is?
The night of Al-Qadr is better than a thousand months
Therein descend the angels and the Ruh (Gabriel) by Allah's Permission with all Decrees,
Peace! until the appearance of dawn (Q 97:1-5)

Ramazan and Fasting in Hadith

Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) has said: blessing for those, who have been thirsty and hungry for the sake of Allah, this people would get full (with foods and drinks) in hereafter. (Wasā'il al-Shīʿa, vol 7, pg.299)

Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) has said: When Ramadan enters, the gates of Paradise are opened, the gates of Hellfire are closed and the devils are chained. (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) has said: for every thing there is a Zakat(alms-giving), Zakat of the body is fasting. (Al-Kafi, vol 4, pg. 62)

Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him)has  said: Fasting in hot weather is like jihad. (Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 69, pg. 257)

Imam Ali (A.S.) has said: It is incumbent upon you to seek forgiveness and supplicate excessively in the month of Ramazan. As for the supplication, by means of it the calamities are warded off from you, and as for the seeking of forgiveness, it erases away your sins. (Al-Kafi, vol. 4, pg. 88)

Imam Ali (A.S.) has said: fasting is to abstain from all Harams (forbidden acts), just like as one abstains from eating and drinking. ((Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 93, pg.249)

Imam Ali (A.S.) has said: fasting of heart (not letting evil enter your heart) is better than fasting of tongue (not backbiting), and fasting of tongue is better than fasting of stomach ( not eating and drinking). (Ghorar al Hikam, vol 1, pg.417)

Hazrat Fateme (S.A.)has said: those who fast without obstaining their tongue, ear, eye and body (from sins), what is the usage of that fasting for them.( ((Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 93, pg 295)

Imam Sadiq (A.S.) has said: With the advent of the month of Ramazan, Imam Ali Ibn al-Hussain (A.S.) would cease to speak about anything except dua, tasbeeh (glorification of Allah), isteghfar (seeking forgiveness) and takbeer (saying 'Allahu Akbar'). (Al-Kafi, vol. 4, pg. 88)

Imam Baqir (A.S.) has said: Surely, the Fridays of the month of Ramazan possess an excellence over the Fridays of the other months, just as Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him and his progeny) possesses an excellence over the other prophets. (Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 69, pg. 376)

Imam Sadiq (A.S.) has said: Say not, "This is Ramazan" and "Ramazan has departed" and "Ramazan has arrived" for surely, Ramazan is one of the names of Allah, The Mighty, the Glorious, who neither arrives nor departs. Surely, arrives and departs that, which is ephemeral, Instead say: "The month of Ramazan". (Al-Kafi, 4, pg. 70)

Imam Sadiq (A.S.) has said: Allah The Almighty said (in Q, 2: 153), Seek help in steadfastness and prayer, steadfastness is fasting. (Wasā'il al-Shīʿa, vol 7, pg 298)

Imam Kadhim (A.S.) has said: “Take a nap, for surely, Allah will feed and satisfy the faster in his sleep.”( Al-Khulayni, al-Kafi vol.4 p.65)

Imam Kadhim (A.S.) has said: One, who performs the ghusl on the Night of Qadr and remains awake in it (engaged in worship), shall have all his sins forgiven. (Wasaail al-Shia'h, vol. 10, pg. 358)

Imam Reza (A.S.) has said: "Someone who recites one verse from the Book of Allah, The Mighty, The Glorious, in the month of Ramazan, is like one who has recited the entire Holy Quran in the other months." (Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 93, pg. 344)

Imam Abu Muhammad (A.S.) said, ‘Allah has imposed fasting so that the wealthy might suffer hunger and be kind to the poor.’ (Kashf al-Ghummah, vol.3 p.193, Man La Yahdhuruhu al-Faqih, vol.2 p.43.)

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