Date: January 19, 2017 @ 3:00pm
Venue: Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey, UK
Lecturer: Dr Mohammadreza Kalantari
Organized by: Al-Mahdi Institute
Usuli Shi‘ism categorizes laymen into Mujtahid, Muqallid, or Muhtat. Mujtahid is the qualified cleric capable of deducing the religious law from the resources and evidences. Muqallid is a layman who follows the verdicts of Mujtahid in auxiliaries of the faith. Muhtat, on the other hand, is a lay Shiite who does not follow anyone, yet acts on such precaution that assures him the fulfilment of his religious obligations. The question of Taqlid and Marja’iyya has been embedded at the heart of this categorisation. Notwithstanding, throughout the history, the concept of Taqlid, its definition, and practices stimulated numerous critics and some asked for its reconstruction facing the contingencies of the modern era. Reviewing the Shi‘i jurisprudential evolutionary phases, this paper tries to provide a more clear outlook towards the concept.It also evaluates three approaches to readdress the practice of Taqlid, the follower-Marja’ relationship, in Shi‘ism: (1) The minimalist religion, (2) Council of Jurists, and (3) the A.I.Jtihad.
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